The current issue of the journal is focused on the child's rights.
The first part of the edition is the Convention on Child's Rights adopted by the UN General Assembly on November 20, 1989. The Convention was ratified by the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in 1990.
Professor L. Korbut, a scholar of the International Academy of Information,
has presented analyses of the Convention. The author has started the article
with the historic background of t he issue. It has been stated that the
Convention on Child's Rights became the first basic international legal
document declaring child's rights as a human right's issue.
The next article has covered the problem of implementation of the Convention
on Child's Rights in Russia. The author is Dr. M. Gorgeyeva, Director
of the Department on Children, Women and Family of the Ministry for Labor
and Social Development of the Russian Federation. Dr. Gordeyeva has presented
the review of the main national programs focused on child's issues, such
as National Plan for Action on Child's Interests (1995 - 2000), National
Plan for Action on Improving Status of Children in the Russian Federation
for 2001 - 2002, etc.
Mr. B.L. Altschuler, a representative of the non-governmental agency
"A Child's Right", has presented the article on realization
on children's rights in Russia. It is based on the report made by the
author at the conference "Civil Society and Power" on February
19, 2002. The first part of the article is a brief review of a law draft
on the measures on combating problems of uncared for/homeless minors in
relation to the issues of civil society.
The Key Messages on the issues of child labor of the International Labor Organization (ILO) has included the list of basic problems related to child labor, such as causes of chills labor, as well as information on ILO programs on child labor and statistics.
The International Labor Organization has also presented the Analytical Review of the Global Report called "Future without Child Labor". This is the third global report highlighting the history of the issue of child labor, new data, analyses of its causes, etc. The review has also included information on the important steps focused on elimination of child labor taken by the ILO.
Ms. G.I. Klimantova, Chief of the Department on Social Policy of the
Federal Council, the Russian Federation, is the author of the presentation
on uncared for/homeless minors. The article is focused mainly on prevention
measures developed by the Department. Striking statistics related to the
issue under consideration is important for realizing the range of the
problem in the country.
The Recommendations of the Parliament Hearings on the abovementioned issues has also been included into the current issue of the journal. The Recommendations have been addresses to the President of the Russian Federation, to the State Duma (Parliament), to the Government of the Russian Federation, to the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation. The Recommendations are related to various spheres, such as law, social work, economics, education, etc.
The complete version of the Federal law draft on changes and amendments to the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation has also been included into the journal.
The Explanatory Note for the law draft mentioned above is a review of goals, objectives of the amendments for the Criminal Code. The Appendix has included the List of International and Russian Decrees related to health care and development of minors. These documents have been fundamental for development of the current law draft.
Dr. E.S. Smirnova, a lawyer, has provided the article called "Issues
of Protection Child's Rights in the Framework of the Commissioner on Human
Rights Institute of the Russian Federation".
Professor A.M. Erdelevskyi has presented the article on the child's right to expressing her/his opinion based on legal documents of the Russian Federation, such as the Family Code, the Civil Code and the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The author has analyzed the current situation in the country in terms of applying the UN Convention on Child's Rights and the abovementioned documents to the right of children to expressing their opinion in court, for instance.
The author of the next article is focused on protecting orphans' rights
under the current conditions. Professor A.M. Nechayeva from the Institute
for Law and State of the Russia Academy of Sciences has suggested multidisciplinary
approach as the way for resolving this problem.